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Review on Membrane Biofouling Occurring in MBR and Its Related Technologies for Greywater or Wastewater Treatment

P. Zhang1,2, S. Young1, and W. W. Huang3 *

  1. Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science, University of Regina, Regina, Saskatchewan S4S 0A2, Canada
  2. Institute for Energy, Environment, and Sustainable Communities, University of Regina, Regina, Saskatchewan S4S 0A2, Canada
  3. Department of Civil Engineering, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta T2N 1N4, Canada

*Corresponding author. Tel.: +1-306-585-4095; Fax: 1-306-585-4855. E-mail address: (W. W. Huang).


Scarcity of water resource recommended developing innovative technology to reclaim wastewater. Greywater is an appropriate source to reuse through advanced treatment. Meanwhile, MBRs are novel techniques to reclaim wastewater, which are composed of activated sludge processes and membrane filtration. Characteristic and application of Hybrid MBR, MBMBR and OMBR were reviewed in this article. And sources, analysis methods and controlling methods of biofouling resulted from extracellular polymeric substances and soluble microbial products were also discussed. According to a detailed analysis of research publications, MBRs are promising techniques to reclaim wastewater.

Keywords: greywater, MBR, EPS, SMP, biofouling

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